Information for Authors including editorial standards for the preparation of manuscripts

Pathologica Pathologica is intended to provide a medium for the communication of results and ideas in the field of morphological research on human diseases in general and on human pathology in particular. The Journal welcomes contributions concerned with experimental morphology, ultrastructural research, immunocytochemical analysis, and molecular biology. Reports of work in other fields relevant to the understanding of human pathology may be submitted as well as papers on the application of new methods and techniques in pathology. The official language of the journal is English. Authors are invited to submit manuscripts according to the following instructions by E-mail to:, Lisa Andreazzi – Editorial Office Pathologica c/o Pacini Editore S.p.A. Via Gherardesca 1, 56121 Pisa, Italy – Tel. +39 050 3130285

The files containing the article, illustrations and tables must be sent in attachment and the following statement of Authors must also be enclosed: separate letter, signed by every Author, stating that the submitted material has not been previously published, and is not under consideration (as a whole or partly) elsewhere, that its content corresponds to the regulations currently in force regarding ethics research and that copyright is transferred to the Publisher in case of publication. If an experiment on humans is described, a statement must be included that the work was performed in accordance to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (1975, rev. 2000) and Authors must state that they have obtained the informed consent of patients for their participation in the experiments and for the reproduction of photographs. As regards the studies performed on laboratory animals, Authors must state that the relevant national laws or institutional guidelines have been observed. The Authors are solely responsible for the statements made in their article. Authors must also declare if they got funds, or other forms of personal or institutional financing from Companies whose products are mentioned in the article.

Editorial standards for the preparation of manuscripts

The article, exclusively in English, should be saved in .RTF format. Do not use, under any circumstances, graphical layout programmes such as Publisher™, Pagemaker™, Quark X-press™, Adobe Indesign™. Do not format the text in any way (avoid styles, borders, shading …); use only character styles such as italics, bold, underlined. Do not send the text in PDF. Text and individual tables must be stored in separate files. When submitting a manuscript Authors should consider the following points/items: a) Title of the work. b) Names of the Authors and Institute or Organization to which each Author belongs. c) Section in which the Authors intend the article to be published (although the final decision rests with the Editor-in-Chief). d) Name, address, telephone number and E-mail address of the Author to whom correspondence and galley proofs should be sent. e) 3-5 key words. f) Abstract, less than 250 words and subdivided into the following sections: Introduction, Method(s), Results, Discussion. In the Introduction section, the aim (or the aims) of the article must be clearly summarised (i.e., the hypothesis Authors want to verify); in the Method(s) section, the Authors must report the context of the study, the number and the kind of subjects under analysis, the kind of treatment and statistical analysis used. In the Results section Authors must report the results of the study and of the statistical analysis. In the Discussion section Authors must report the significance of the results with regard to clinical implications. g) References must be limited to the most essential and relevant, identified in the text by Arabic numbers and listed at the end of the manuscript in the order in which they are cited. The format of the references should conform with the examples provided in N Engl J Med 1997;336:309-15. The first six authors must be indicated, followed by “et al”. Journals should be cited according to the abbreviations reported on Pubmed. Examples of correct format for bibliographic citations: Journal articles: Jones SJ, Boyede A. Some morphological observations on osteoclasts. Cell Tissue Res 1977;185:387-97. Books: Taussig MJ. Processes in pathology and microbiology. Oxford: Blackwell 1984. Chapters from books: Vaughan MK. Pineal peptides: an overview. In: Reiter RJ, ed. The pineal gland. New York: Raven 1984, pp. 39-81. h) Acknowledgements and information on grants or any other forms of financial support must be cited at the end of the references. i) Notes to the text, indicated by an asterisk or similar symbol, should be shown at the bottom of the page. Tables must be limited in number (the same data should not be presented twice, in both text and tables), typewritten one to a page, and numbered consecutively with Roman numbers. Illustrations. Send illustrations in separate files from text and tables. Software and format: preferably send images in .TIFF or .EPS format, resolution at least 300 dpi (100 x 150 mm). Other possible formats: .JPEG, .PDF, .PPT (Powerpoint files). Please do not include, when possibile, illustrations in .DOC files. Insert an extension that identifies the file format (example: .Tif; .Eps). Drugs should be referred to by their chemical name; the commercial name should be used only when absolutely unavoidable (capitalizing the first letter of the product name and giving the name of the pharmaceutical firm manufacturing the drug, town and country). The editorial office accepts only papers that have been prepared in strict conformity with the general and specific editorial standards for each survey. The acceptance of the papers is subject to a critical revision by experts in the field, to the implementation of any changes requested, and to the final decision of the Editor-in-Chief. Authors are required to correct and return (within 3 days of their mailing) only the first set of galley proofs of their paper. Authors may order reprints, at the moment they return the corrected proofs by filling in the reprint order form enclosed with the proofs.

Specific instructions for the individual sections are available online at:

Applications for advertisement space should be directed to: Pathologica – Pacini Editore S.p.A., Via Gherardesca, 56121 Pisa, Italy Tel. +39 050 3130217 – Fax +39 050 3130300 E-mail:

Subscription information: Pathologica publishes four issues per year. The annual subscription rates for non-members are as follows: Italy € 105,00; all other countries € 115,00. – This issue € 20,00 for Italy, € 25,00 abroad.

Subscription orders and enquiries should be sent to: Pathologica – Pacini Editore S.p.A. Via Gherardesca, 56121 Pisa, Italy Tel. +39 050 3130217 – Fax +39 050 3130300 E-mail: On line subscriptions:

Subscribers’ data are treated in accordance with the provisions of the Legislative Decree, 30 June 2003, n. 196 – by means of computers operated by personnel, specifically responsible. These data are used by the Publisher to mail this publication. In accordance with Article 7 of the Legislative Decree n. 196/2003, subscribers can, at any time, view, change or delete their personal data or withdraw their use by writing to Pacini Editore S.p.A. – Via A. Gherardesca 1, 56121 Pisa, Italy.

Photocopies, for personal use, are permitted within the limits of 15% of each publication by following payment to SIAE of the charge due, article 68, paragraphs 4 and 5 of the Law April 22, 1941, n. 633. Reproductions for professional or commercial use or for any other other purpose other than personal use can be made following a written request and specific authorization in writing from AIDRO, Corso di Porta Romana, 108, 20122 Milan, Italy ( The Publisher remains at the complete disposal of those with rights whom it was impossible to contact, and for any omissions.